TABLE 2.

Molecular chaperones found on the cell surface and/or secreted by cells and/or found in extracellular fluids

ProteinCell surfaceSecreted by cultured cellsExtracellular fluid
Hsp10+
Trx80++
Trx++
Thioredoxin reductase++
Glutaredoxin++
TRANKa+
Peroxiredoxin+
Cyclophilin A++
Cyclophilin B+
Hsp27++
PDI+
Calnexin+
Calreticulin+
Hsp54+
Hsp60+++
Hsp70++
Hsp72+
Grp74+
BiP+++
Hsp90+
Gp96+
Clusterin+
  • a TRANK, thioredoxin peroxidase-related activator of NF-κB.