TABLE 1.

Characterization of non-O1 and non-O139 V. cholerae strains with pathogenic potentiala

StrainCountryYearSourceSakazaki serogroupCTXφVPI
ctxActxBrstRClusterbtcpA
395India1966DiarrheaO1 claWTclaclaclacla
NIH35A3India1941DiarrheaO1 claWTclaclaclacla
5011UnknownH. Smith collectionO1 cla (O333)cWTclaclaclacla
N16961Bangladesh1975DiarrheaO1 ETWTETETETET
E7946Bahrain1978DiarrheaO1 ETWTETETETET
365-96Japan1996Prawn, import from ThailandO27WTNTrstR-4∗∗dNTNTe
1322-69India1969DiarrheaO37NTfNTETclacla
8585Iraq1966DiarrheaO53 (O340)cclaETET
981-75India1975DiarrheaO65claETET
63-93 (MO45)India1992DiarrheaO139WTETETETET
AM2India1995DiarrheaO9
AM107India1996DiarrheaO144
NRT36-SJapan1990DiarrheaO31
  • a Abbreviations: wt, wild type; cla, classical; ET, El Tor; NT, novel type.

  • b Presence of the entire VPI cluster based on restriction mapping and hybridization.

  • c O333 and O340 are Smith serogroups.

  • d rstR-4** = SCE223 (38).

  • e Differs from the tcpA-env allele described by Mukhopadhyay et al. (38) at one position (O27V9D).

  • f There is a single amino acid substitution (wtS46NO37).