TABLE 1.

Host adaptation of S. enterica serotypes revealed by epidemiological surveys

ReservoirLocation of survey (time period [yrs] covered)S. enterica serotypes most frequently associated with disease (% of total isolates)Reference
HumansMassachusetts (1940-45)Typhimurium (31), Typhi (18), Montevideo (10), Newport (8), Oranienburg (7) 39
Korea (1951)Paratyphi A (61), Typhi (11), Paratyphi C (10), Enteritidis (8), Paratyphi B (6) 71
England and Wales (1958-67)Typhimurium (64), Paratyphi B (8) 42
United States (1987-97)Typhimurium (23), Enteritidis (21), Heidelberg (8) 47
CattleGermany (1937)Dublin (82), Typhimurium (15) 37 a
England and Wales (1958-67)Dublin (71), Typhimurium (27) 56
England and Wales (1968-73)Dublin (79), Typhimurium (17) 57
United States (1976)Typhimurium (54), Dublin (20) 9
England and Wales (1982-83)Typhimurium (63), Dublin (24) 58
SwineUnited States (1934-41)Choleraesuis (70), Typhimurium (11) 16
Germany (1937)Choleraesuis (50), Typhimurium (27), Dublin (23) 37 a
England and Wales (1958-67)Choleraesuis (83), Typhimurium (8) 56
England and Wales (1968-73)Choleraesuis (57), Typhimurium (17), Dublin (15) 57
United States (1976)Choleraesuis (52), Typhimurium (21) 9
SheepEngland and Wales (1958-67)Abortusovis (63), Dublin (26), Typhimurium (7) 57
England and Wales (1968-74)Dublin (45), Abortusovis (36), Typhimurium (9) 59
England and Wales (1975-81)Typhimurium (26), Dublin (24), Montevideo (11) 60
HorsesUnited States (1934-41)Abortusequi (68), Typhimurium (32) 16
England and Wales (1973-79)Typhimurium (70) 68
RodentsUnited States (1934-41)Typhimurium (51), Enteritidis (31) 16
Germany (1978)Typhimurium (51), Enteritidis (39) 33
ChickensEngland and Wales (1933-44)Gallinarum (92) 24
Denmark (1934-38)Typhimurium (96) 25
England and Wales (1948-56)Gallinarum (76), Typhimurium (14), Thompson (8) 7
England and Wales (1958-67)Gallinarum (67), Typhimurium (18) 56
England and Wales (1968-73)Enteritidis (46), Typhimurium (41), Gallinarum (7) 57
TurkeysEngland and Wales (1933-44)Typhimurium (46), Gallinarum (27), Enteritidis (27) 24
England and Wales (1948-56)Typhimurium (57), Stanleyville (12), Thompson (10) 7
DucksEngland and Wales (1933-44)Typhimurium (71), Enteritidis (21) 24
Denmark (1934-38)Typhimurium (58), Enteritidis (42) 25
England and Wales (1948-56)Typhimurium (76), Thompson (9) 7
United States (1950-60)Typhimurium (93) 51
PigeonsEngland and Wales (1933-44)Typhimurium (100) 24
Denmark (1934-38)Typhimurium (100) 25
England and Wales (1948-56)Typhimurium (100) 7
Germany (1956-1958)Typhimurium (99) 27
Massachusetts (1960-64)Typhimurium (94) 18
FinchesEngland and Wales (1948-56)Typhimurium (100) 7
  • a This report by Lerche was one of the first to describe host adaptation of Salmonella serotypes.