TABLE 2.

Serum cytokine analysis

GroupnConcn of cytokinesa
TNF-α (pg/ml)IL-1α (pg/ml)IL-6 (pg/ml)INF-γ (pg/ml)IL-8 (pg/ml)TGF-β (ng/ml)IL-4 (pg/ml)IL-10 (pg/ml)
Control2059.6 ± 5.23.72 ± 0.5661 ± 10.170 ± 20.4245 ± 7248.7 ± 12.3101 ± 2248.8 ± 5.8
SARS3060.1 ± 4.43.80 ± 0.59163 ± 153b63.0 ± 20.4165 ± 51b38.2 ± 15.2c109 ± 1347.0 ± 5.3
Severe SARS3057.8 ± 5.73.62 ± 0.39517 ± 796b86.5 ± 41.1143 ± 41b37.3 ± 19.1c110 ± 1249.7 ± 12.3
Convalescent SARS3061.9 ± 7.43.81 ± 0.3368.8 ± 25.939.7 ± 4.9b269 ± 18055.5 ± 13.388 ± 8b169 ± 104b
  • a The data are means ± standard deviations.

  • b P < 0.01 for a comparison with the control group.

  • c P < 0.05 for a comparison with the control group.