Table 2

Retraction problems and some suggested solutions

ProblemReformSuggested solutions
Honest retractionsMethodologicalEmbracing philosophy with formal training in logic, epistemology, and metaphysics
Rigorous training in probability and statistics
Increased use of checklists
Dishonest retractionsCulturalDevelopment of new reward systems with an emphasis on quality and a recognition of team science
Reconsideration of the priority rule
Establishment of a centralized database of scientific misconduct
Enhanced focus on ethics