Table 1

Microbes that use ChoP for structural modificationa

Organism group and taxonomic classificationChoP-modified structureReference(s)
Gram-positive bacteria
    Streptococcus pneumoniaeTA, LTA1
    Streptococcus oralisTA134
    Streptococcus mitisTA134
Gram-negative bacteria
    Haemophilus influenzaeLPS2
    Haemophilus haemolyticusLPS135
    Pseudomonas aeruginosaElongation factor Tu10, 27
    Neisseria meningitidisPilus10
    Neisseria gonorrhoeaePilus10
    Neisseria lactimaLPS54
    Neisseria subflavaLPS54
    Neisseria flavescensLPS54
    Histophilus somniLPS136
    Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitansLPS14
    Acinetobacter baumanniiPorin D55
    Pasteurella multocidaLPS137
    Legionella pneumophilaHost Rab1 GTPase11
    Proteus mirabilisLPS138
    Treponema pallidumMembrane lipid132
    Morganella morganiiO antigen139
Mollicutes
    Mycoplasma fermentansMembrane proteins3
Nematodes
    Caenorhabditis elegansASP-6, glycolipids40, 140
    Acanthocheilonema viteaeES-624
    Brugia pahangiSecreted proteins141
    Brugia malayiSecreted proteins142
    Dictyocaulus viviparusGP30059
    Ascaris suumGlycolipids143
    Ascaris lumbricoidesGlycolipids144
    Haemonchus contortusGP30059
    Cooperia oncophoraGP30059
    Onchocerca volvulusGlycolipids, glycoproteins145, 146
    Onchocerca gibsoniGlycolipids146
    Trichinella spiralisTsp, glycolipids147, 148
    Nippostrongylus brasiliensisC substance149
    Wuchereria bancroftiPC-Ag150
Protozoa
    Plasmodium falciparumSurface, secreted proteins58
    Eimeria bovisPolypeptides151
  • a The table does not include microorganisms that contain ChoP-modified phospholipids or those for which the ChoP-modified structure has not been elucidated. Ag, antigen.