Table 1.

Species and strains of oral treponemes used in this study and their sources

SpeciesStrainSource of isolateSourceaReference
T. denticolaATCC 35404Human with periodontitisATCC5
GM-1Human with periodontitisAW43
T. pectinovorumATCC 33768Subgingival plaqueEPG46
S1Human with HIVb and periodontitisSW49
  • a ATCC, American Type Culture Collection, Rockville, Md.; AW, Aaron Weinberg, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio; EPG, E. Peter Greenberg, University of Iowa; SW, Stephen Walker, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

  • b HIV, human immunodeficiency virus.