Table 2.

Characteristics of the Yersinia strains used in this study

StrainGeographical regionBiovar or serotypeaYr of isolationOriginPresence of mutation:
yp3yp48yp35hmsF
Y. pestis
 6/69MadagascarOrientalis1969Human++++
 501HamburgOrientalis1964++++
 506VietnamOrientalis1955++++
 509VietnamOrientalis1963Human++++
 510VietnamOrientalis1963++++
 513VietnamOrientalis1964++++
 518KurdistanMedievalis1947Human+++
 522SenegalOrientalis1944Human++++
 523SenegalOrientalis1944Human++++
 530MadagascarOrientalis1939Human++++
 531VietnamOrientalis1955++++
 532VietnamOrientalis1955++++
 537KenyaAntiqua1952++NDb
 538KenyaAntiqua1952+++
 539KenyaAntiqua1952+++
 540KenyaAntiqua1952+++
 543Rep. CongoAntiqua1953Human++ND 
 544KenyaAntiquaHuman+++
 554KenyaAntiquaHuman+++
 562KurdistanMedievalis1947Rat+++
 564KurdistanMedievalis1948Rat+++
Y. pseudotuberculosis
 IP32637FranceI1983Human+
 IP32953FranceI1990Human+
 IP32941FranceI1990Human+
 IP32949FranceI1990Human+
 IP32934FranceII1989Monkey+
 IP32951FranceII1990Human+
 IP32945ArgentinaIII1990Cattle+
 IP32937ArgentinaIII1989Cattle+
 IP31830Great BritanIV1969Human+
 IP32817JapanV1986+
  • a Biovar for Y. pestisstrains, serotype for Y. pseudotuberculosis strains.

  • b ND, not determined.